DBaaS Platforms: The Future of Data Center Operations
In the DotCom era of internet development, which crashed in the year 2000, major enterprise companies and innovative startups had a huge advantage over small businesses and independent publishers by having access to private servers in data centers with web database support. This allowed companies like eBay, Amazon, and PayPal to develop early web applications that had functionality far beyond what static HTML websites could offer. In 2001-2003, the first LAMP web hosting products offering MySQL support became common. This led to the growth of a huge number of CMS, ecommerce, blog, social networking, wiki, and forum scripts available to developers on open source foundations.
Oracle’s takeover of MySQL was significant because many of the businesses using the open source database standard could not afford to use proprietary Oracle database tools. Thousands of independent web hosting companies offer MySQL database support to retail customers, allowing small businesses to build websites on open source scripts that would cost hundreds of thousands of dollars or more to code independently with in-house programming teams. Shared LAMP web hosting plans with MySQL-as-a-Service, typically running CentOS, Red Hat, or Ubuntu Linux, allow small businesses to challenge market leaders with competitive ecommerce products, viral marketing, and social media promotions.
The Web Database Landscape: Current Market Leaders & Open Source Platforms
With web hosting plans, small businesses can use MySQL databases to build their websites, mobile apps, and software products without having to invest in expensive database software from Oracle, IBM, and Microsoft. The current landscape in 2019 features a wide array of relational and non-relational database options available to programmers and developers on both open source and proprietary licensed fundamentals. MariaDB, Percona, SQLite, Microsoft SQL, IBM DB2, & PostgreSQL are some of the most popular alternatives to MySQL, each with different costs, licensing agreements, and development teams. Businesses building on these databases are depending on the development company for security.
Other new database platforms cater to “Big Data” like Apache Hadoop, Cassandra, MongoDB, Azure Cosmos, Google Bigtable, and Datastore. Key-value databases like Amazon Aurora are designed for the requirements of ecommerce at enterprise scale. Businesses need to choose the right database for every project where one size does not fit all and there is a large number of competitive products. In complex organizations, hosting multiple web/mobile applications simultaneously may require completely different databases and programming teams. Companies then need to choose whether to maintain databases and code for web/mobile applications in private data centers or public cloud hosting.
Most of the DBaaS products available on public cloud hosts are either an IT major offering their own software or hosting an open source database framework on PaaS fundamentals. The same advantages to hardware, web/mobile application security, and IT costs at scale apply to DBaaS plans as other cloud hosting options. Another benefit is seamless integration with the elastic hardware or virtualization frameworks of the data center managed by an IT major. Amazon Aurora, Google Cloud SQL, Microsoft Azure SQL, Heroku, and Clustrix are some of the leading options for MySQL support at scale on cloud hardware. Companies that need more processing power and bandwidth than a web hosting plan or private server can upgrade to DBaaS platforms, as well as integrate them with Kubernetes support.
Public Cloud DBaaS Plans
Huge IT Costs Savings for Enterprise
Dell has found that enterprise corporations can save 40-50% of the cost of IT talent spend by adopting DBaaS for business software and web/mobile applications. The savings come primarily by reducing the amount of time in-house employees require to maintain the same database software on private cloud hardware. Dell identified:
- Applying upgrades, fixes, and patches
- Managing uptime and availability
- Performance tuning & diagnosis
- Ensuring security
- Meetings for compliance/audits
as the most cost-intensive requirements for in-house database maintenance. Other advantages are increasing the speed that software applications can be brought to market and eliminating the need for regular hardware upgrades. Although debatable, most of the major public cloud companies like Microsoft, Google, IBM, Oracle, and AWS are expected to hire and retain the best database security experts in the industry.
Leveling the Playing Field for Small Business
DBaaS plans from public cloud companies level the playing field for small businesses and startup companies by allowing them to compete with enterprise and use the same software tools. Because most public cloud DBaaS plans operate on a fixed rate for services, enterprise companies receive a discount for volume but small businesses use the same tools for a fraction of the cost that it would take to develop them independently. The AWS DynamoDB will allow startups to build on the same database platform that runs amazon.com at scale for ecommerce volume. This is important when software developers seek to grow user traffic exponentially without the need to re-code the application. Considering the complexity of installing and managing OpenStack on a private cloud for self-hosted DBaaS support, it is not surprising why small businesses and startups choose public cloud DBaaS plans.
DBaaS Platforms: The Future of Data Center Operations
The huge surge projected by Orian and other research groups in DBaaS uptake in enterprise corporations is part of the larger trend to outsource all in-house data center operations to the cloud. All of the IT majors have launched public cloud products with DBaaS support targeted at this market. Companies choose to build long term on public cloud hardware like Microsoft Azure, Google Cloud, AWS, IBM, Oracle, AliBaba, etc. because of their trust for the brand, their need for service integration, cost savings, or product availability.
Small businesses and startups can compete with enterprise companies using the same tools, where the public cloud hardware will allow them to scale to NetFlix or Twitter traffic levels. It’s not surprise then, that DBaaS plans are predicted to become the future of data center operations for enterprise corporations.